definition  Synthetic Biology

The design of artificial biological systems with biological building blocks

a) the design and construction of new biological parts, devices and systems and

b) the re-design of existing natural biological systems for useful purposes.

“the synthesis of complex, biologically based (or inspired) systems which display functions that do not exist in nature”

According to the SynBioProject

A further distinction can be made between:

  • Bioinformatics: biology + computational techniques
  • Blue biotechnology: marine applications
  • Green biotechnology: agricultural processes
  • Red biotechnology: medical processes
  • White biotechnology: industrial processes